Architecture

Thinking Globally and Obtaining What Is Only Available in Kyoto

Thinking globally and developing abilities that can only be refined in Kyoto – we call this “Kyoto Design.” Engaged in education, research, and design practice based on that concept, we foster high-level urban and architectural experts, such as architects, architectural engineers, urban planners and conservation architects, who focus on communities and history, but at the same time, boast global competitiveness

Educational Program

Our educational program has been designed to provide students not only with expertise but also with priority education with which students can obtain the ability to adapt to the real world.

First of all, we provide education in the field of architectural design so that students can obtain ecological knowledge relating to our living spaces, urban (built) environment and the natural surroundings encompassing the built environment, as well as ecological knowledge necessary for achieving harmony among the three types of environments. Moreover, we enable students to manage environmental control technologies while blending them and ecological knowledge with a high-level of artistic quality. Our advanced curriculum focusing on the development of students’ professionalism has been designed to enable students to both obtain a Japanese registered first class architect ualification, and to meet recommended international standards of professionalism in architectural practice. We foster highly capable architects who are strongly aware of the significance of disseminating architectural designs from Kyoto and who can lead the creation of urban, architectural and environmental designs not only in Japan, but also in the rest of the world.

Meanwhile, being strongly aware of the shift toward a more value being placed on existing housing and business stock in the 21st century, we regard existing cities and architectural structures as existing stock to be utilized, and we see that students develop the ability to comprehensively manage the preservation, restoration, regeneration, or maintenance of such cities and structures. We develop urban and architectural experts who demonstrate skill in comprehensive management and leadership for the preservation, restoration, regeneration, or maintenance of cities and architecture as more permanent, housing and business stock. Specifically, we foster architects, conservation architects, urban and architectural planners, heritage managers, structural and environmental engineers, etc. who are good at regeneration and redesign. To this end, by treating internship programs offered not only by companies but also by regional Japanese and overseas governments as part of our official courses, we encourage students to sample a wide variety of experiences in architectural practice. In addition, we regard senior students in the undergraduate program as the zero-year students in our master’s program and permit “M0 (zero)” students to take some of our courses before their registration for our master’s program. By doing so, we implement the university’s “3 x 3” system, a nine-year educational program system into which a three-year doctoral program is also integrated.

Laboratory Information

Modern Architecture Design Architectural Design
The quintessence of modernity lies in overcoming the past in the present moment and creating the future. We define buildings embodying this essence as modern architecture. Research at our lab examines the creation of the ideas which oriented modern architectural design, its method development, and the re-interpretation of databases of past work. While serving as the driving force in overcoming the constraints of the past, students develop their imaginative faculties, reflecting on the human physique, environment, and history. Our main focus is the theoretical study of various aspects and phenomena related to architectural design, both tangible and intangible, and the examination of specific ways in which they develop during the actual design process. To realize a laboratory-conceived idea as a feasible architectural design, students learn to view issues from a broad perspective and train in articulating their intentions to a third party. They also study the relationship between Togo Murano’s design process and work by classifying and analyzing the original drawings of this architect stored in the KIT Museum and Archives.
Architectural Design Architecture and Urban Design Theory
Students are expected to improve their aesthetic sense of spaces on earth – buildings, urban areas, and natural settings. Our laboratory conducts elaborate analyses of architectural locations and proposes novel architectural space-use. In-depth investigation and analysis are required for this purpose, especially in the areas of topography, history and the social background of a place. Individual creativity and meticulous research will interact, paving the way to a dynamic future. This laboratory examines a wide range of design methodologies, focusing on public spaces from specific architectural constructions to urban areas. With special attention to modernist architecture, students learn from the specific works and methodologies of various architects. The laboratory holds an annual exhibition to present its achievements, incorporating the use of the Togo Murano drawings in the KIT Museum and Archives. We have also contributed to many exhibitions of the work of architects such as Antonin Raymond, Junzo Sakakura, Charlotte Perriand, Kunio Maekawa, Seiichi Shirai, and Kenzo Tange. Our goal is to identify design methods that are effective today and make them available to practical architectural design.”
Architectural Design Architectural Planning and Design for Regional Facilities
The process of creating a built space involves terms and conditions in many dimensions. When these are well integrated, and none are overlooked or omitted, a building becomes “architecture” and its inner environments and surroundings are optimized. How do we design such architecture? This lab pursues design methodology from the angles of both research and implementation. Our research centers on traditional spaces and on creating spaces for children. It involves: 1) analyzing and re-evaluating the function of traditional Japanese verandas (engawa) and alleys (roji). Through these processes, we examine ways to apply traditional spaces to present-day community facilities, and to rejuvenate and maintain such spaces. 2) studying environments where children can play freely. We explore ways to utilize engawa verandas in childcare facilities to increase interaction, to facilitate outdoor activity, and to solve space shortage problems.
Urban History and Urban Theory Urban History
Centered around studies of the history of modern architecture, we conduct historical and theoretical investigations into the urban spaces which form the basis of architecture. Cities embrace everything from politics, the economy, and culture, to people’s everyday lives. We analyze and clarify various aspects of urban spaces. What makes a city? What is the mutual relationship between the built environment and its people? Our research covers cities and towns principally in Japan and other parts of Asia. Our laboratory investigates the history of urban and suburban areas, making use of a variety of historical sources to explore the process of and reasons for their formation, development, and decline. Specifically, we research the history of modern cities; cities and water environments; the history of urban landscape development; and the spatial structure of early-modern samurai warrior dwellings, temples, and shrines.
History of Japanese Architecture, Theory of Urban and Architectural Heritage History of Modern Architecture and Conservation-Revitalization Design for Modern Architectural Heritage
We research traditional buildings – especially wooden buildings – and cities in Japan, East Asia, and around the world. Using the research on Japanese and East Asian architectural and urban history as a foundation, we actively conduct fieldwork on urban and architectural heritage – including traditional buildings, historic urban landscapes, and cultural landscapes – and implement projects for their conservation and rehabilitation. Our current activities include: (1) research on the theory and framework for the conservation and rehabilitation of cultural heritage; (2) surveys, conservation and rehabilitation of cultural landscapes and historic urban landscapes; (3) research into the design, technique, and culture of Japanese architecture and traditional wooden structures.

Research themes:Survey, research, conservation and rehabilitation of urban and architectural heritage; empirical research on the design, styles, materials, and techniques of Japanese architecture and traditional wooden buildings.
Keywords:Cultural heritage/Urban and architectural heritage/Cultural landscape/Historic urban landscape/Japanese architecture/History of the construction industry/Temple and shrine architecture/Sukiya architecture/Vernacular architecture
Masterpieces of modern architecture are recently on the verge of demolition in a range of locations. If they are skillfully redesigned to suit present-day use while maintaining their historical value, these buildings can be preserved and utilized, providing our urban environments with both historical depth and newly functional spaces. We examine the work, design and technology of architects, carpenters and engineers of the modern period, focusing on the systems and regions that supported their activities. Furthermore, we conduct surveys and research from a global perspective on the philosophy, methods, techniques, and aesthetics surrounding the preservation and renovation of modern architecture.

Research themes:Historical modern architecture, Conservation-Revitalization Design for Modern Architectural Heritage
Keywords:Modern Architecture/Conservation/Revitalization/Intervention/Renovation/Building Restoration Technology/Architectural Archives
Architectural Design History of Western Architecture / Architectural Theory
Creating architecture is creating culture. Our species instinctively settled in caves for protection. Ever since, the architecture we have created has enriched our lives. People gathered and cities formed. The history people make through architecture is culture. Creating architecture in nature means building a physical relationship with the earth’s surface, in other words, dealing with gravity. For example, just as Le Corbusier’s pilotis created a new type of boundary between the natural and built environments, today, there is a need for a bridging of private and public, internal and external, civil engineering and architectural boundaries. In connecting such dichotomies, I explore new approaches to boundary space that enable diverse activities not only for the users of structures, but also for the enjoyment of passersby.

Research themes:New approaches to boundary space in architecture
Keywords:Architectural design/Boundary space/Transitional areas/Threshold/ Pilotis/Urban planning
We engage in field-research-based archaeological inquiry into medieval Western architecture. In addition, we work on the comparative study of architectural culture, examining Japanese architecture in collaboration with French researchers. We conduct research activities jointly with French universities, frequently exchanging students between the two countries. In particular, we have close ties with a historical and archaeological research group at the Université de Paris-Sorbonne. Although our program touches on architectural history and theory to provide a foundation for theoretical research, we actively take part in conservation projects for medieval churches and the renovation of Japanese architecture in France in collaboration with local researchers and governments.
Structural Engineering of Architecture Architectural Planning and Design
In this laboratory, we are developing methods and technologies improving the earthquake resistance of building structures including historical and traditional buildings, and aim to establish structural design technologies with excellent design and safety. To establish the methods to accurately evaluate the static and dynamic behavior of the building structures, we are conducting experimental studies and developing computer simulation techniques for large deformation elastic-plastic frames. Furthermore, we are developing efficient methods for evaluating the resonant phenomenon of the building structures due to earthquake ground motions. In tandem with the establishment of these technologies, we are developing the structural methods based on new technologies including AI and IoT in the view of supporting building structural designers. Our residences form the basis for our daily life, and require our long-term involvement in their construction and maintenance. Many people fail to maintain their residences, however. In our laboratory, we examine the following research topics, and provide hands-on experience with support activities and manufacturing. 1. Emergency housing for disaster victims 2. Housing for people with rare diseases or elderly people with dementia, that can continue to meet their needs as their condition progresses 3. Rejuvenation measures for vacant houses and old buildings
Historical Survey of Urban Environments and Architectural Structures  
Our laboratory aims to understand and reconsider the diversity and historical value of architecture, settlements and cities in Japan and Europe through the field survey and the analysis of historical documents and drawings. In addition, with our research we will make proposals for preservation and utilization of them as future cultural properties. The themes of current studies are below. 1. Urban study of Kyoto in the early modern period, 2. The formation of Japanese castle towns between the middle and early modern periods, 3. The formation of Japanese religious buildings in the early modern period, 4. Study of urban history in Italy in the early modern period, 5. Interpretation of architecture, settlements and cities in Italy and studies on the methodology of preservation and restoration, 6. Studies of Cultural landscapes in Europe. Research themes: Field Survey and Studies of Traditional Cities and Historical Architecture Keywords: Urban history/Territorial history/Landscape history/Kyoto/History of Japanese architecture/Historical survey of urban environments and architectural structures